Duke of Cumberland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Baron Alderney)

Duke of Cumberland is a peerage title that was conferred upon junior members of the British royal family, named after the historic county of Cumberland.[1]


The Earldom of Cumberland, created in 1525, became extinct in 1643. The dukedom was created in the Peerage of England in 1644 for Prince Rupert of the Rhine, nephew of King Charles I. When he died without male heirs, the title was created again in the Peerage of England in 1689 for Prince George of Denmark, husband of Princess Anne, younger daughter of King James II. He also died without heirs, in 1708. Neither of these men, however, was usually known by his peerage title.

The third creation, in the Peerage of Great Britain, was for Prince William, the third son of King George II. Other titles granted to Prince William were Marquess of Berkhampstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron Alderney. Since the Prince died unmarried and without children, his titles became extinct at his death.

The titles Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn and Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale were later created in the Peerage of Great Britain.

List of titleholders[edit]

Dukes of Cumberland, first creation (1644)[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriage(s) Death
Prince Rupert
House of Wittelsbach
also: Earl of Holderness (1644)
Prince Rupert 17 December 1619
son of Frederick V, Elector Palatine and Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia
Never married 29 November 1682
aged 62
Nephew of Charles I, died without legitimate issue.

Dukes of Cumberland, second creation (1689)[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriage(s) Death
Prince George
House of Oldenburg
also: Earl of Kendal and Baron Wokingham (1689)
Prince George 2 June 1653
Copenhagen Castle
son of Frederick III of Denmark and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
28 July 1683
5 children
28 October 1708
Kensington Palace
aged 55
Husband of Queen Anne, died without surviving issue.

Dukes of Cumberland, third creation (1726)[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriage(s) Death
Prince William
also Marquess of Berkhamsted, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron Alderney (Great Britain, 1726)
Prince William 26 April 1721
Leicester House, London
son of George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach
Never married 31 October 1765
aged 44
Also known as "Butcher" Cumberland and Sweet William.

Dukes of Cumberland and Strathearn (1766)[edit]

The sole title-holder was Prince Henry (1745–1790), third son of Frederick, Prince of Wales. He died without legitimate issue, when the dukedom again became extinct.

Dukes of Cumberland and Teviotdale (1799)[edit]

This double dukedom, in the Peerage of Great Britain, was bestowed on Prince Ernest Augustus (1771–1851) (later King of Hanover), the fifth son and eighth child of King George III of the United Kingdom and King of Hanover. In 1919, it was suspended under the Titles Deprivation Act 1917 and, as of 2023, has not been restored to its titular heir.

Family trees[edit]

Contract bridge[edit]

An historic fixed bridge hand is known as the Duke of Cumberland hand. The hand also appeared in Ian Fleming's James Bond thriller, Moonraker.[2]


  1. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cumberland, Dukes and Earls of". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 620.
  2. ^ The Duke of Cumberland bridge hand

See also[edit]